recultivation coal mining land

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The Office of Abandoned Mine Lands and…

The Office of Abandoned Mine Lands & Reclamation was created in 1981 to manage the reclamation of lands and waters affected by mining prior to passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) in 1977. The AML program is funded by a fee placed on coal, currently set at 28 cents per ton for...

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Coal Slides - How to Reclaim Land Damaged by Coal…

5 May 2010 ... Environmental regulations for coal mining usually focus on protecting the watershed, but there's also the often overlooked risk of the coal slide. ... West of Appalachia, reclamation workers lay down topsoil in accordance with software that analyzes local geography, simulating pre-mining land contours.

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Mine reclamation - Wikipedia

Mine operators must pay a tax of $0.12 per ton for underground mined coal and $0.28 per ton for surfaced mined coal; the proceeds from this tax are put into the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund (created by SMCRA) to pay for the reclamation of abandoned...

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land reclamation and environmental compliance of… pdf

LAND RECLAMATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE OF SURFACE. COAL MINES - INTERNSHIP WITH KNIGHT HAWK COAL, LLC. BY. BLAKE C. COLCLASURE. SPECIAL PROJECT REPORT. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Natural Resources and...

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Guide for Surface Coal Mine Reclamation Plans -… pdf

Mine reclamation is an integral part of the mineral development process. It is designed to restore to an acceptable state the physical, chemical, and biological quality of land and water regimes disturbed by mining. This 'Guide for Surface Coal Mine Reclamation Plans' has been developed by Nova Scotia Environment in...

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Coal Mining and the Environment: Restored Lands…

Land restoration—what the industry calls land reclamation—is the process of restoring or improving land after surface mining. U.S. mining companies have reclaimed more than 2.6 million acres of mined land over the last 35 years and have contributed nearly $10 billion for the reclamation of areas mined decades ago...

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Zoning of land reclamation in coal mining area and…

Coal mining disturbed land is the main sources of land reclamation in China. With the rapid increase of economy and coal production, more and more land has been disturbed by construction and coal mining; thus, land reclamation has become highlights in the past 10 years, and China is boosting land reclamation in...

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Citizens Guide To Coal Mining and Reclamation in… pdf

abandoned underground coal mines underlay extensive areas of Indiana. By the early 1900's, with the development of steam-powered equipment, surface mining soon became the dominant method of coal removal in the State. Indiana coal mine operators pioneered surface mined land reclamation in the United States.

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Coal Mining: Decommissioning and Site…

Decommissioning and site reclamation activities that may cause environmental impacts include filling in the mine, removal of infrastructure, land recontouring, and revegetation.

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Reclaiming Energy's Footprint: pdf

used in coal, gas or oil development to beneficial uses. Land reclamation ensures that the impacts to the environment will be held to a minimum and that land will be returned to a condition where its productivity and capabilities are similar to those which existed prior to mining or drilling. Before 1970, most surface mining...

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Case Studies of Successfully Reclaimed Mining Sites…

28 Aug 2013 ... The process of reclamation of mining lands includes many important considerations and is often far from simple. However, practices .... The Baorixile coal mine, owned and operated by the Shenhua Group, is located in the region and currently produces over 30 million tons coal per year. The grasslands are...

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Lusatia - Vattenfall pdf

Recultivated Land. Landscape Design. Not a single tonne of coal is mined without prior fixed plan of how to com- pensate for the impact caused by mining in the existing landscape. In Germany, it is mandatory to have an operating plan for all mine operators. This plan is only granted approval with proof of the fixed plan and...

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Returning Mined Land to Productivity Through…

11 Dec 2015 ... By Jason Hayes Associate Director, American Coal Council Editor-in-Chief, American Coal Magazine. Nearly 8.2 billion tonnes of coal were produced globally in 2014.1 Although a great deal of activity occurs around the extraction of coal, a limited amount of land is disturbed during mining compared to...

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Mine Reclamation

The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 created a federal law that requires coal operators to reclaim the land and water that they disturb. Additionally, the Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) Program was created to facilitate the reclamation of mining properties that were abandoned prior to 1977. Reclamation of...

surface coal mining and land reclamation in the… pdf

Ivan Svoboda*, Marie Vrbova*, Vratislav Ondráček**. SURFACE COAL MINING AND LAND RECLAMATION. IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC. Mining of industrial minerals (in particular brown coal open cast mining employing large-scale equipment) has negative impacts on the general environment in the relevant regions.

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The reclamation of land after coal mining… pdf

The reclamation of land after coal mining. G P Doubleday. Estates Department. Durham County Council. County Hell,. Durham DH1 5UF. England. Opencast mining can now be conducted with little or no long-term detriment to the environment and often to its benefit. Deep mining poses greater problems to which different...

Reclamation of Degraded Landscapes due to Opencast… pdf

14 Dec 2007 ... structural integrity; land rehabilitation. The environmental impacts resulting from coal mining activities are mainly attributable to the exposure of decreased earth materials, especially such as coal, pyrite, siderite, and ankerite, and to the oxidizing power of the Earth's atmosphere. The consequences range.

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Coal mine site reclamation - United States Energy… pdf

5 Feb 2013 ... Coal mine sites can have significant effects on local environments. In addition to the physical disruption of land forms and ecosystems, mining can also leave behind a legacy of secondary detrimental effects due to leaching of acid and trace elements from discarded materials. This report looks at the...

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Coal mine reclamation - SourceWatch

For reclamation, money from the Fund is used for "reclamation and restoration of land and water resources adversely affected by past coal mining, including but not limited to reclamation and restoration of abandoned surface mine areas, abandoned coal processing...

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Division of Mined Land Reclamation - ia Department…

ia Division of Mined Land Reclamation. photo of Award Winning Reclamation Practices. The Division of Mined Land Reclamation (DMLR) is responsible for ensuring the reclamation of land affected by surface and underground coal mining activity. Major functions include regulating surface effects of coal mining,...

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Coal Surface Mine Land Reclamation Costs -… pdf

Coal Surface Mine Land Reclamation Costs. Walter S. Misiolek and Thomas C. Noser. INTRODUCTION. Prior to passage of the Surface Mining. Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, land reclamation requirements varied considerably among the major coal- producing states.' Although the Act es- tablished uniform...

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Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation | ArcNews -…

As mining progresses and several rows of spoil piles are created, grading of the piles begins, using large equipment (bulldozers) to create a postmining topography. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 demands that surface coal mine operators reclaim mined lands to meet a number of requirements:.

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abandoned mine land reclamation - Alabama Department of…

Lands and waters which were mined for coal or which were affected by such mining, wastebanks, coal processing, or other coal mining processes and abandoned or left in an inadequate reclamation status prior to Aug. 3, 1977, and for which there is no continuing reclamation responsibility under state or federal laws.

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Coal Regulatory Program - Alaska Department of Natural…

THE LAW (Alaska Surface Coal Mining Control & Reclamation Act) The Alaska Division of Mining, Land and Water Management (DMLW) administers the Alaska Coal Mining Control and Reclamation Act and the implementing regulations for coal mining on private, municipal, state and federal land. Alaska's coal program...

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Illinois Coal, Reclamation and Subsidence -…

That is because most of the reclamation achieved by the coal industry is "invisible." Reclamation means returning the land to its original condition or other productive use. Unless there is a sign or other form of identification nearby, it is difficult to tell that a reclaimed site was once an active coal mine. Careful mining of our...

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Wyoming Mining Association: Coal Mining Safety and…

RECLAMATION. Reclaimed coal mining lands represent sustainable development in action. Reclamation is done contemporaneously in a multi stage process once the recoverable coal is removed. Highly trained specialists employed by the mines manage the reclamation, and state and federal personnel provide oversight...

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What happens to mine sites after a mine is closed -…

Mine land reclamation and closure plans are now required by regulatory agencies around the world, and are often a component of the environmental impact assessment process practiced in over 100 countries. [4, 5] Mine site rehabilitation has been integrated into the early planning process, even preceding the start of mine...

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Land Reclamation - Illinois DNR - Illinois.gov

Land Reclamation is a Division within the Department of Mines and Minerals, and is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the Surface-Mined Land Conservation and Reclamation Act of 1971 and the Surface Coal Mining Land Conservation and Reclamation Act of 1980. This enables Land Reclamation to...

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Land Rehabilitation at Post-mining Sites -…

Activities at MDP, Owner of One of the World's Largest Coking Coal Mines Land Rehabilitation at Post-mining Sites. In developing natural resources, companies need to consider environmental impacts to areas such as biodiversity, forests and water. The local community must also be duly engaged as an important...

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Coal Mine Reclamation - Ground Truth Trekking

19 Apr 2010 ... Reclamation standards at Usibelli Coal Mine Inc., Alaska's only operating coal mines, include replacing topsoil and establishing vegetation cover to prevent erosion. Wildlife habitat is designated as the "post-mining land use." It is difficult to assess the potential for reclamation, since there is little data on the...

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Reclamation in Mining - YouTube

16 Nov 2015 ... See how DMME works with mining companies to ensure the land and the environment are returned to what they were, or better, before mining began. This video was produced on an Alpha Natural Resource's former coal surface mine site that has been recognized nationally for reclamation.

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AML Reclamation Program | How it Works | Natural Resources…

The Abandoned Mine Land (AML) Reclamation Program uses fees paid by present-day coal mining companies to reclaim coal mines abandoned before 1977. This makes these areas safer for people and the environment. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977 created this program to use...

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Step 5: Mine Site Rehabilitation | Griffin…

Restoring the environment to it's natural state. Mine site rehabilitation is important to environmental sustainability. Rehabilitation involves returning the land to it's natural state post mining through strict, well researched strategies of revegetation and the regeneration of natural ecosystems. Work to restore disturbed areas is...

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Surface Coal Mining Land Conservation and…

(225 ILCS 720/1.02) (from Ch. 96 1/2, par. 7901.02) Sec. 1.02. Legislative Declaration. (a) It is declared to be the policy of this State to provide for conservation and reclamation of lands affected by surface and underground coal mining in order to restore them to optimum future productive use and to provide for their return to...

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Brown coal mining- Land reclamation -…

The German energy supplier RWE Power AG produces 15% of the total electricity supply of the Federal Republic of Germany from brown coal which is being mined from Europe's largest deposits situated in the Rhineland – between Cologne, Aachen and Mönchengladbach. Many of the coal beds are located under several...

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Wyoming Mining Association: Mining Reclamation…

Reclamation is Strictly Monitored. Surface coal mines follow strict laws and work closely with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (WDEQ), Office of Surface Mining (OSM), Game and Fish, and Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Surface coal mining is governed by a...

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OSMRE Reclaiming Abandoned Mine Lands

27 Jun 2017 ... The U.S. Government's Official Website for the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE). OSMRE's business practices are to reclaim abandoned mine lands (Title IV), regulate active coal mines (Title V), and apply sound science through technology transfer.

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Surface-strip coal mine land rehabilitation planning in…

A maturity model for surface-strip coal mine land rehabilitation planning is presented. •. The model was applied to mine rehabilitation guidelines and approval reports. •. Guidelines and approval reports are vulnerable to adequate, but not yet resilient. •. Legislation may be contributing to immaturity for some aspects of...

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Reclamation Stories | Minerals Education…

Mining inevitably disturbs land. Modern mines reclaim the surface during and after mining is completed, returning the land to useful purposes. Reclaimed mine lands are often more attractive to wildlife and human uses than before mining started. Aggregates Coal and Energy Industrial Minerals Metal...

Case study on agricultural ecosystem rehabilitation of…

Agricultural ecosystem rehabilitation (AER) becomes an important issue for sustainable development in this area because land subsidence impacts on agricultural production, and farmers who lose prime lands become an unstable factor with regard to social stability. In this paper the Xuzhou coal mine area is analyzed as...

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